The Science Behind Global Warming
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Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego has been at the forefront of climate change research for more than 50 years, since a Scripps Oceanography scientist named Charles David Keeling cataloged a history of atmospheric carbon dioxide levels that came to be known as the "Keeling Curve." More recently, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), a United Nations-sponsored body of scientists that includes several from Scripps Oceanography, won the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize along with former Vice President Al Gore.
Scripps Oceanography is thankful to World Carbon Database for supporting the creation of this webpage.
The Basics Behind the Science
The Basics behind the science of climate change. The following links provide resources to learn the very basics behind drivers of the world's climate and today's climate issues:
It has happened before. The earth has been significantly warmer than it is today and studying the climate of ancient times helps put today's issues into a broader context.
Listening to the Experts
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is widely recognized as the authoritative body to summarize "the state of climate science." Results of the IPCC's most recent assessment were released on Feb. 2, 2007.
Learn more about the IPCC conclusions, the IPCC itself and the process for determining at the "state of climate science" at the links below:
The Impact of Climate Change
Impacts from climate change are expected to vary widely across the globe and it's not all about temperature. Precipitation patterns are changing. The chemical structure of the oceans are changing. The links below delve into the far reaching impacts and science behind determining how the world will reach to the changing climate.
After two decades watching atmospheric oxygen levels drop, a Scripps Oceanography researcher's conclusions about climate could leave one feeling light-headed.
Emperor penguins can flourish in locales where few other animals roam. But scientists now wonder if they can adapt to a new threat: climate change.
Scripps Oceanography research suggests that climate change will require a complete rethinking of water delivery systems in the West.
The Climate Debate
What's the story behind the "great climate debate?" Gain an understanding of the most misunderstood or politicized issues embedded within climate science. The PDF below defines the line between science fact and science fiction. It may also arm you to become a well informed member of the climate community.
Inundated by complex information, many non-scientists pose sensible questions in an attempt to understand the basics, but answers can be obscure because it can appear as if there is a scientific "debate" about the validity of research conclusions. This debate is largely fictional but can lead to misconceptions about what is broadly considered settled science. It is critical to separate science from ideology, politics,and personal opinions. This paper attempts to present a clearer understanding of settled scientific conclusions that are considered outside the realm of personal and political debate.
Emissions and Greenhouse Gases
There's a lot said about "emissions" but what exactly does this mean? It boils down to human activity putting gases into the atmosphere that accumulate and then impact how the "Greenhouse Effect" regulates the temperature on earth.
What "emissions" are we concerned about:
We're nowhere close to understanding this entire system; there are many, many unanswered questions. The links below highlight ongoing research and the topics of great interest in today's scientific community.
There are Solutions
The world is focused on the problem but science and society have increasingly begun focusing on solutions. The links below highlight these areas:
More to Come
Scripps Oceanography is thankful to World Carbon Database for supporting the creation of this webpage. World Carbon Database is in the process of forging alliances between the world's senior scientific leadership to wage a war for knowledge and to translate climate, carbon and emissions science into a new knowledge base for its users. Check back for updates as we further develop these resources.
Until then - here are some best bets for more information.